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Drug side effects

[1] Associated Press on NBC, “Merck’s profit slammed by charge, Vioxx: Withdrawal of arthritis drug, tax charge lead to big earnings decline.” Accessed August 17, 2019.

[2] Elliott, Carl. “The Drug Pushers.” The Atlantic. Accessed July 18, 2019.

[3] Elwood, P.C. “A Randomized Controlled Trial of Acetyl Salicylic Acid in the Secondary Prevention of Mortality from Myocardial Infarction,” British Medical Journal 1, (1974): 436-440

[4] FDA, “Development & Approval Process | Drugs,” Accessed August 17, 2019.


[5] Harvard Heart Letter, “Rethinking low-dose aspirin.” Accessed July 20, 2019.

[6] Justin Smith, Statin Nation: The Ill-Founded War on Cholesterol, What Really Causes Heart Disease, and the Truth About the Most Overprescribed Drugs in the World (Canada: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2017), audio version.

[7] Light, Donald, “New Prescription Drugs: A Major Health Risk With Few Offsetting Advantages,” Harvard University Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics (blog), June 27, 2014. Accessed July 20, 2019.

[8] Mesnage, Robin and Antoniou, Michael N., “Facts and Fallacies in the Debate on Glyphosate Toxicity.” Accessed June 9, 2019. Frontiers in Public Health 5 (2017) :316 doi:10.3389/fpubh.2017.00316

[9] News Medical, “Why COX-2 inhibitors such as Vioxx can cause heart attacks and strokes.” Accessed August 18, 2019.

[10] Steering Committee of the Physicians’ Health Study Research Group. “Final Report on the Aspirin Component of the Ongoing Physicians’ Health Study,” The New England Journal of Medicine 321 (1989): 129-135 DOI: 10.1056/NEJM198907203210301.

[11] WebMD, “Even Low Dose of Aspirin Can Cause Intestinal Bleeding.” Accessed July 20, 2019.

[12] Zirk-Sadowski, J et al. “Protein-Pump Inhibitors and Long Term Risk of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Older Adults.” Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 66, no.7 (2018): 1332-1338, Accessed October 19, 2019.

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